Papua has three national parks that have become famous around the world. Not only the beauty of its nature but also the heritage of plants and animals. One of the national parks in Papua is already on the list of the World Heritage Sites UNESCO. It is the Lorentz National Park. And in this article, you will get information about 4 things you should definitely see in Papua national park, the Lorentz National Park.
The Lorentz National Park
Lorentz National Park is the biggest national park in Southeast Asia. The government built this park in Papua in 1997. Then, in 1999, United Nations admitted that Lorentz National Park was a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Based on the area of this national park, which is 2,505,600 ha following the letter of appointment of the Minister of Forestry and Plantations Number 154/Kpts-II/1997. Not only that, another international non-governmental organisation, the World Wide Fund for Nature, has designated Lorentz National Park in Papua as the largest and most comprehensive conservation area for its ecosystem in the Asia Pacific.
Viewed from the aspect of ecosystem diversity, Lorentz National Park covers all the main types of ecosystems in Papua, ranging from marine ecosystems, coastal ecosystems, and coastal forest ecosystems. It also has brackish water swamp forest ecosystems, freshwater swamp forest ecosystems, lowland forest ecosystems, low mountain forests, high mountain forest ecosystems, subalpine ecosystems (Tree Line), alpine ecosystems and eternal snow mountain ecosystems.
Therefore, Lorentz National Park has a lot of potentials, from plants to animals. So, if you want to visit this national park, here are five things you should see at the best national park in Papua!
4 Wonderful Things in Lorentz National Park
Here are five things that you can find in Lorentz National Park
First, we have couscous. At first glance, it looks like a mouse with a tiny body. But on closer inspection, this animal is like a mini version of a kangaroo with a pouch on the front. The cuscus is an animal endemic to Eastern Indonesia. If based on the Weber line, the distribution is on the islands of Maluku and Papua.
Couscous is an animal looks adorable with its tiny body. Not a fast runner making cuscus easy to hunt as a source of protein. Although currently, several types of cuscus are protected animals.
Next, this animal may remind you of a kangaroo the first time you see it. Wallabies are Papuan kangaroos with the scientific name Macropus agilis. The people of Merauke often know him as “Toraj.” Wallabies are a species of marsupial mammal or also known as a marsupial mammals. In contrast to giant kangaroos, these animals as adults will average 3-25 kg in weight, 30-180cm in height, 55cm in tail length and only 21 cm in leg length. Although relatively small, wallabies can jump as high as 1.8 meters and 6 meters away. These animals live in meadows and bushes and eat grass and young leaves to survive.
Third, we have Echidna. Echidna is a small body overgrown with coarse hair and spines animal. The size of the adult Echidna varies with a body length between 30-55 cm, a tail length between 7-9 cm, and body weight between 3-6 kg. An adult male echidna usually weighs 6 kg, and a female about 4.5 kg. Echidna is a nocturnal animal active at night and has a solitary natural of life. Although it has thorns like a hedgehog, the echidna is not a hedgehog.
After we talk about the animals in Lorentz National Park, we will give you a particular plant you should see there. Its name is Nipah. Nipah is a kind of palm (Palma) that grows in the environment of mangroves or tidal areas near the edge of the sea.
Nipah tree trunks spread on the ground, forming rhizomes submerged by mud. Only the rosette of leaves appears above the ground so that the Nipah looks as if it has no trunk. Its fibrous roots can reach a length of 13 m.
So, those are 4 things that you should definitely see in Papua national park, the Lorentz National Park.