In reality, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea are two separate nations. It is distinct from Timor Leste, previously an ally of Indonesia. At the easternmost point of Indonesia sits the state of Papua New Guinea.
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Its border with the province of Papua is immediate. Papua is home to various cultures and languages despite being smaller than Indonesia.
Papua New Guinea is a highly diverse country, with more than 850 indigenous local languages and at least as many small communities as it has, with a population of no more than 6 million.
This country is also one of the most populous countries in the world, with only 18% of the people living in urban centers.
Inaugurating the World Ocean Conference
The Government of Papua New Guinea sent a team to the World Ocean Conference, which took place in Bali on December 6 and 7, 2008. The Indonesian government went to Papua New Guinea.
Additionally, he paid the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries a visit. He will be accompanied by a group to the CTI in Papua New Guinea on March 10–12, 2009.
Indonesia was deemed an indispensable nation by the prime minister of Papua New Guinea, James Marape, in early March of this year. Since establishing formal diplomatic ties in 1976, Indonesia has always been available and willing to assist Papua New Guinea.
Indonesia and Papua New Guinea’s connection is more than simply a diplomatic one; it also represents a kind of brotherhood between the two close neighbors.
What Prevented Indonesia and Papua New Guinea from Merging?
Indonesia acknowledges the sovereignty over the whole area formerly governed by the Dutch East Indies. Papua New Guinea was excluded right away. The Dutch East Indies’ influence in the east never included it. Before World War I, the island of Papua was split by three central powers
- the Netherlands owned the western half of the island,
- the British controlled the eastern half in the south, and
- Germany controlled the northern half.
Dutch East Indies colonization was a significant factor throughout the colonial era and gave rise to the idea of a single Indonesian nation. The original basis of what is now Indonesia was the whole colony of the Dutch East Indies. Indonesia is not entitled to make a legal claim for the former Dutch East Indies region because it is an heir. This reality could be the most significant deterrent for Papua joining Indonesia in the past.
Relationships Between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea on a Bilateral Basis
In 1973, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia established diplomatic ties. Even now, this connection is still getting better. The Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia has received unwavering backing from the government of Papua New Guinea.
Activities of the TPN organization and the Free Papua Movement (OPM) are prohibited throughout Papua New Guinea. Every year at the OPM anniversary commemoration celebration, the Papua New Guinean security forces tightly teach the hoisting of the Morning Star flag.
A group of Papuan hardliners in Papua New Guinea are the rising officers. The Papua New Guinea administration has always objected to the plan for debating OPM at regional conferences like the Pacific Island Forums Melanesian Spearhead Group.
The connections between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea are excellent. The rise in cross-country trips between government and non-government parties proves it. The trip aimed to advance many areas, including politics, economics, socio-culture, defense and security, and education.
The Head of State’s trip to Indonesia, PM Michael Somare, served as a marker. The purpose of the trip is to attend the Coral Triangle Initiative on May 12, 2009, in Manado.