Albert Karubuy: West Papua’s Pro-Integrationist Brilliant Agent

Albert Karubuy

Many heroic individuals emerged during the struggle for Indonesian independence from the British, Dutch, and Japanese occupation. Different heroes arose from all around the territories. Albert Karubuy is one of them.

Albert Karubuy was a People’s Representative Council member from 1956 until 1959. He was a Papuan pro-integration activist and one of three House of Representatives members representing West Papua during the 1955 Indonesian state elections.

Furthermore, in 1957, he served as the Indonesian delegation’s political counselor at the 12th UN General Assembly. For more information about this figure, see below.

Albert Karubuy and His Family

Albert Karubuy was born on January 5, 1915, in Miei-Wandamen, Manokwari. His schooling began at a Zending folk school sponsored by Dutch missionaries.

He then completed his studies in Surabaya at the Centrale Burgerlijke Ziekenhuis, a Surabaya hospital, where he graduated in 1929. Not to mention, he is believed to have eleven children and be the grandfather of three grandchildren.

His Political Careers Journey

Karubuy was encouraged by Soetomo to return to his duty in Papua after graduation. In 1933, Karubuy went to Holland and began working in a hospital. He quit in 1937 to pursue his studies under Soetomo, he then worked in a hospital in Luwu, South Maluku. He quit in 1941 owing to an unfavorable working environment.

The Confrontations Against Colonialism

Karubuy has been a member of the Indonesia Muda and Persatuan Bangsa Indonesia groups during his studies in Surabaya. He was frequently active in these groups’ rallies and was detained by the Vietnamese police, although he and his pals were released and permitted to complete their schooling.

1. Against Dutch

Furthermore, he was one of the heroic young men who organized a series of discussions against Dutch colonialism when the Dutch came, and there was a plan to build the East Indonesian State (NIT).

He and his companions also carried out a series of maneuvers to hoist the Indonesian flag at Jayapura on August 17, 1947.

Marthen Indey, Silas Papare, G. Saweri, Frans Kaisiepo, Lodewijk, Barent Mandatjan, Samuel Damianus Kawab, and Joseph Djohari were among his companions who took part in this venture.

Unfortunately, the Dutch officials dragged them into exile for three months. Throughout this period, they were held in a Dutch police detention camp.

2. Against Japan

Meanwhile, during the Japanese occupation, he was jailed by Japanese officials for refusing to join in. After Indonesia’s independence, he engaged in the struggle in South Maluku against the Dutch military, who had returned as healthcare workers.

In 1946, Dutch soldiers captured and imprisoned him for 18 months. Upon his release, he helped the “Harimau Indonesia” forces led by Robert Wolter Mongisidi in their fight against Raymond Westerling’s men.

Following the 1955 Indonesian state elections, he was elected to the House of Representatives as a delegate from West Papua. He also served on Indonesian foreign delegations, including as the political counselor to the Indonesian embassy at the 12th United Nations General Assembly in 1957.

He was again invited to New York in 1962 as a member of the Indonesian delegation led by Subandrio. Karubuy and Silas Papare were participants in the Irianese Indonesian Independence Party during that time.

Some additional Papuan officials, including J.A. Dimara, M. Indey, Frits Kirihio, and Efraim Somisu, were involved, culminating in the New York Pact.

Papua and Albert Karubuy

west papua

Based on the previous, we may infer that he has been a tenacious fighter for the integration of Papua into Indonesia. He was among those who believed Papua would always be a part of Indonesia.

He became one of the finest resources for defending Papua from disintegration as well as from the Dutch. All in all, Albert Karubuy is indeed a pro-integration campaigner from West Papua.