Papua Province is one of the third-largest tropical forest areas in the world. It is the last remaining resource we have for climate change mitigation in Indonesia. The land of West Papua is very complex because it is rich in species and home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. With abundant biodiversity and an unspoiled environment, forests in Papua have become a conservation area.
Papua Conservation Area
The forests in Papua are the unsung heroes of climate regulation and species diversity. You can find various types of woods, including mangroves. Necessary as an innard, mangroves also filter terrestrial runoff, the most direct threat to the abundant coral reefs and other species living in their vicinity.
In addition to mangroves, you will also find the rainforests of Papua. It is the largest forest in the world that is still intact. When you walk through the woods, you need a machete to get through it. The forest in West Papua is overgrown with thousands of abundant plant species. Everything is intertwined with each other when looking at it closely.
With the authenticity of this rainforest, hundreds of bird species; the buzzing and chattering of insects; a chorus of tree frogs as one in the forest. It became one of the wildernesses dripping life. Hidden in a shady grove, you will also find various rare bird types that cannot be found in other areas.
In fact, new species are regularly discovered throughout forest areas. It makes this rainforest a conservation area. Forest protection, the inclusion of indigenous Papuans, and alternative livelihoods are carried out in such a way as to secure Papua’s forests. The government does this to mainstream green growth plans in the province to strengthen environmental governance.
The Uniqueness in the Papua Forest Area
As reported on the replublika.co.id page, plant species on the island of West Papua are one of the highest plant diversities in the world. Experts found that the world’s largest tropical island has at least 16 percent more plant diversity than other countries such as Madagascar as the Center for Biodiversity of Forest.
For these reasons, the preservation and conservation of natural resources is the main focus in Papua. It also makes Papua the only island in Southeast Asia with an unrivaled endemic species in Tropical Asia. Scientists believe that the more expansive landmass provides habitat diversity due to its location at the crossroads between Southeast Asia, Australia, and the Pacific.
West Papua is home to the most conserved ecosystem on the planet, such as mangroves. In addition, vast expanses of lowland forest to Alpine meadows are also in Papua. All the biological wealth, flora, and fauna in Papua are available in its forests. It makes this area the most influential island in Indonesia in terms of the conservation area.
That’s all some information about protected forests in Papua. There are various kinds of natural wealth in the land of Papua. It belongs to tropical rainforests and mangroves. The forests in Papua are still very natural, so they have tremendous potential for wealth. Even the forests in Papua are recognized as the best and the third-largest in the world