Does Melanesians West Papua Ethnicity Relate to Aboriginals?

West Papua Ethnicity

West Papua Ethnicity

West Papua ethnicity called Melanesians have different physical characteristics than what you find in Indonesia. They are big, black skinned, and curly hair.

In ancestral history, the two races that inhabited Indonesia were the Mongoloid and Australomelanesid. However, research also states that the Papuan people are the first community here. Why does this happen and what does it have to do with Aboriginals?

A Brief History

Based on genetic research, West Papua ethnicity and Aboriginals have one thing in common when compared to other human groups in the world. This relates to the life history of those who have lived together. How was it until they finally separated? Read on to find out the details!

1. At 72,000 Years Ago

What happened 72,000 years ago? Papuans and Aborigines have lived together or in other words, they are brothers and sisters through marriage with primordial man; Neanderthal and Denisovan. They located in Africa, then agreed to leave the continent.

Their decision to leave Africa occurred 50,000 years ago, moving towards the Sahul mainland which consists of New Guinea, Australia and Tasmania.

2. At 37,000 Years Ago

The two tribes separated 37,000 years ago. The Aborigines migrated to Australia, more precisely to the north where the area is dominated by desert. Slowly, they spread.

Referring to the route, the two tribes migrated via East Asia, crossing the Pacific Ocean, which then directed them to Maluku, Papua, and ended in Australia.

3. The New Findings

A researcher named Lambert conducted genetic research to analyze mitochondrial DNA in 83 Aborigines and 25 from the highlands of Papua. The results obtained are that they really separated 8,000 years ago when the landmasses of New Guinea, Australia and Tasmania separated due to natural phenomena.

This research is ultimately useful for mediating the debate about who first inhabited Australia. In addition, with these findings it is hoped that there will be no more social inequalities for them.

Currently, the Aborigines already have a genetic and linguistic diversity that reaches 250 items. It is a rapid evolution, considering their dispersal occurred only 6,000 years after arriving in Australia.

4. The Advanced Findings

In 2016, a new question arose regarding why West Papua ethnicity and Aboriginals split? Archaeological evidence answers all of them.

Humans spread across Australia 45,000 years ago, while Aborigines split up 37,000 years ago. Why is that?

The hypothesis is that the Aborigines have gradually left Papua and history has not recorded it.

Other studies have revealed that Aboriginal tribes also migrated to Nusa Tenggara, Java and Kalimantan at 15,000-5,000 years ago. In fact, a researcher named Peter Bellwood called the Sunda Land, Wallacea, and Sahul Land as the old Melanesian regions.

5. The Final Findings

The connection can be found that the Papuans are the descendants of early modern humans who arrived in the Indonesia at 70,000 years ago and inherited the Australomelanesid race. They lived in caves almost entirely nation.

Meanwhile, the Nusa Tenggara people are direct descendants of the Papuan people. Harry as a head of research at the Yogyakarta Archaeological Center states that Papua is the eldest among others.

The population that inhabits Indonesia continues to evolve into a diverse group. The changes come from a small face and skull bones.

On the other hand, Mongoloid arrived in Indonesia at 5,000 years ago, then known as Austronesian speakers. Their origin is southern Taiwan and finally lived in the former residence of the Australomelanesid.

These two lived in a peace. Some experience racial mixing through marriage, especially in the Wallacea region, such as Sulawesi and Nusa Tenggara

The Pioneer Races

The pioneer races in Indonesia are West Papua Ethnicity and Aboriginals who migrated from Africa. They have the same genetics. When other races came, mixing occurred, so you can see today that human evolution has appeared through changes in physical characteristics

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