West Papua is famous for its natural wealth. However, due to the massive exploitation of humans, the natural conditions in Papua are starting to be threatened. For this reason, there must be environmental conservation efforts in West Papua.
But in reality, it is a challenging matter to do this. There are several obstacles that the West Papua government itself must find a solution for.
Every event and natural occurrence as a result of environmental damage is a sign that humans must be aware and change.
The first obstacle is the high level of the people of West Papua, who are still very dependent on natural resources alone, especially forest products.
13 Environmental Conservation Efforts in West Papua
Preserving the environment is one of the mandatory things in social life.
Therefore, everyone must understand how to protect the environment. The community must think from now on about environmental conservation efforts in West Papua.
To obtain the right to a good and healthy environment, everyone must also pay attention to the rights of others and carry out their obligations.
One understanding that may be the root cause of environmental damage is the shift in human concepts about nature.
Environmental preservation means protecting our environment and using it sustainably. Here are some ecological conservation efforts in West Papua that can be implemented:
1. Recognition of Customary Land Rights
Recognition of customary rights to land and resources can be environmental conservation efforts in West Papua. The state should not kill the rights of indigenous peoples to develop according to their aspirations.
On the other hand, indigenous groups need support through interventions to develop profitable and sustainable industries, as well as support access to health and education.
An essential part of this intervention should be developing economic alternatives for indigenous peoples that increase the value of the forest standing and are well managed.
Before establishing or expanding a conservation area, the government must also assess the potential impact on indigenous peoples.
It includes how it will contribute to or hinder poverty reduction targets.
Without effective participatory planning, investments like this can lead to open and accessible competition for natural resources in which everyone is involved.
The goals of social justice and conservation are most appropriate.
2. Forest Preservation
Acting (Pj) Governor of West Papua Paulus Waterpauw continues to accelerate forest conservation efforts in Teluk Wondama Regency. According to him, the forest is part of the world’s lungs.
According to him, the performance of the West Papua Forestry Service and the Forestry Service Branch (CDK) must be maximized in line with the inauguration of the CDK Region III Wondama Bay Building.
Improving infrastructure facilities can assist all operational activities of the technical service, especially in preserving forest areas for the future.
The ranks of the Forestry Service also must be able to educate the public to participate in maintaining nature and the environment.
All forest areas in the Land of Papua are the lungs of the world. He said that the forest area of West Papua Province before the division of Southwest Papua had reached 9.7 million hectares.
However, now only 6 million hectares are spread across seven regencies.
3. Prohibition of Taking Certain Potential Products
One of the community cultures as environmental conservation efforts in West Papua is to prohibit the taking of certain potential products with or without damaging the environment.
The activity of prohibiting the taking of these potential products is known as “Sasi”. Sasi is a tradition of the local community in Raja Ampat, West Papua to protect specific likely results from nature.
The role of Sasi allows natural resources to grow and develop continuously. In other words, biological and vegetable natural resources must be preserved for a certain period to restore natural growth.
In essence, the sasi tradition is an attempt to maintain social manners.
It includes efforts towards equal distribution or income from natural resources. Currently, the sasi practice is customary law, not tradition in general.
4. Through Local Wisdom
One manifestation of local wisdom as environmental conservation efforts in West Papua is the Sinara Ceremony.
Sinara is a symbol of asking for permission from the community to their ancestors before carrying out activities that utilize natural resources, such as building boats, building houses, and logging trees.
Apart from the Sinara ceremony, the local wisdom to protect Papua’s orangutans is by having a prohibited area rule. People in West Papua are familiar with the forbidden area rules.
The existence of a restricted area is a marker for indigenous peoples to make sufficient use of the forest.
Certain parts of the forest need to be left untouched by humans so that nature remains sustainable.
This local wisdom deserves to be maintained and implemented to protect Papua’s forests from the scour of land conversion, which continues to increase today.
5. Through Sustainable Development
Ensuring sustainable development in West Papua is the commitment of all relevant parties. Sustainable development is one of environmental conservation efforts in West Papua.
However, several obstacles must be addressed to ensure this joint commitment can be carried out correctly.
These include ensuring that sustainable development is carried out while maintaining forest sustainability
At least 70 per cent, involving and fulfilling the rights of indigenous West Papuan peoples and maintaining marine ecosystems at least 50 per cent.
Another obstacle is the need to improve the quality of human resources. Of course, requires intensive collaboration and partnership from all parties.
Sustainable development in West Papua requires a complete package. It means that programs, teams, and financing can be adequately synergize to maximize the implementation and be right on target.
6. Protecting Flora and Fauna in West Papua
West Papua is a region rich in rare fauna and flora. Preserving these two things is environmental conservation efforts in West Papua.
However, due to frequent land fires, rare fauna and flora in West Papua are decreasing. Efforts that can be make to preserve fauna in Indonesia include establishing captive breeding sites so that these fauna and flora can be protect.
Another thing that must also be done is to provide education and socialization of what the community can do. Many people need to learn what types of animals the government protects.
Communities living on sea coasts or around forests need to be educate and socialize not to kill or hunt these endangere species.
The next step is to support the efforts of the government and environmental institutions to preserve the environment. It can be done by providing financial and moral assistance in each campaign.
7. Using Local Products
Using local products is one of the environmental conservation efforts in West Papua.
In addition, using local products can reduce the amount of imported goods that may contain hazardous materials that damage the environment.
The Papua Provincial Government also urges people to be able to use local products in their daily lives.
District and city governments are also ask to aggressively campaign to use local products to increase indigenous West Papuan economic actors.
8. Waste Management
The Ministry of Home Affairs encourages West Papua Province to implement a waste management platform. It is also environmental conservation efforts in West Papua
This waste management platform is different from the previous system.
If previously the waste was channell directly to the final disposal site (TPA) by the community, this platform requires the community to be involve in waste management.
Then, the remaining non-organic waste will be take to the reduce, reuse, recycle (TPS3R) waste management site to be reprocess into magot food, ceramics, etc.
This waste management system is the basis for the Ministry of Home Affairs to continue to encourage the Sorong City Government to implement it
So that when Sorong City is successful in implementing it, it will become a model for other regions.
9. Not Wasteful of Energy
The many impacts cause by waste energy can be reduce by adopting frugal behaviour. This step is one of the environmental conservation efforts in West Papua.
There are some easy things you can do to save energy. Turning off lights when not in use is an example of energy-saving behaviour.
In addition, electronic equipment such as cell phones and laptops consumes a lot of electricity. Therefore, unplugging electronic equipment when not in use is an example of energy-saving behaviour.
Energy sources can also come from water. Therefore, the sustainability of water energy sources must also be consider.
One way is to turn off the water faucet when the tub is full. Usually, many people need to remember to turn off the water tap, so waste often occurs.
10. Reducing Waste by Buying Adequate Goods and Food
The next environmental conservation efforts in West Papua is to buy sufficient food and goods. It also contributes to significantly reducing landfill waste.
Hoarding goods can undoubtedly make the environment dirtier. It is because items stacked for a long time will be damp and trigger mould.
In this regard, buying enough goods and food according to needs will benefit the environment. It is the same as food that is not consume and only becomes trash and rots.
Food waste will pollute the environment if most people carry out this habit. If there is too much landfill, waste management will be constrain and pollute the environment significantly.
11. Reducing the Use of Single-Use Plastics
The following environmental conservation efforts in West Papua is to reduce single-use plastics.
Single-use plastic can pollute the environment because it is difficult to decompose and instead becomes microplastic, endangering other living things.
In this regard, the right way to preserve the environment in West Papua is to reduce single-use plastics. Examples of actions that can be take are reducing straws or using stainless steel straws.
In addition, use a place to eat to buy something so it is not wrap in plastic or styrofoam. Also, use stainless steel spoons and forks and refuse to use plastic forks and spoons.
12. Recycling Products
Recycling products can be environmental conservation efforts in West Papua. This method can reduce landfill waste and add value to an item.
For example, use bottles can be use as plant pots. In addition, unuse newspapers are convert into tissue holders, pencil cases, etc.
Household waste management with this principle makes things not just go to waste. It also helps reduce landfill waste and protects the environment. Those are some ways to preserve the environment that are easy to do.
You can apply almost all the methods easily, thus making you part of the people who protect the environment for the future.
About 90 per cent of all plastic bottles do not reach recycling units, which is unfortunate. They are not biodegradable, and about 500 billion are use yearly.
13. Throwing Garbage in Place
Scattered trash will cause various problems. These problems can be in the form of water pollution, the surrounding environment, and contaminated animals.
For this reason, there must be environmental conservation efforts in West Papua.
Disposing trash in its place is one of the most basic and primary ways to preserve the environment. Garbage is indeed see as a small aspect of everyday life, but the impact is quite significant if left scattere.
Scattered trash can be a source of disease. An example is rotting garbage full of spread bacteria that will quickly contaminate the surrounding environment.
Environmental issues are always heard in all corners of Indonesia, such as West Papua. For this reason, environmental conservation efforts in West Papua are need.
All kinds of reports about environmental damage are no longer foreign to observation and hearing. Event after event occurred without compromise.
Therefore, it is common for anxiety and anxiety to have a more significant effect, constantly overshadowing human life.
Thus, the perception arises that nature is an enemy to humans, so the level of human alertness is increasing.
Planting a culture of preservation that is carry out from an early age is a very effective effort in overcoming environmental damage.
Of course, this requires the participation and responsibility of parents in the family and the whole educational process at school.