Fuu: Population Calling Musical Instrument in Papua


Papua has various musical instruments, each with its own function. Musical instruments such as tifa, guoto, yi and krombi are of Papuan origin. Besides the yi and other instruments, there is the Fuu, a traditional Papuan instrument used to summon residents.

Fuu Traditional Musical Instruments

Papua, like other regions, has its own unique music. Papua’s musical culture is inseparable from its traditional dances and rituals. The instrument Fuu, which is still used today, is also popular.

Fuu is a musical instrument played by blowing on hollow or open parts. Besides calling the residents, the instrument is widely used to accompany typical Papuan dances, especially the Asmat people, stone burning rituals, etc.

Musical instrument Fuu is usually played in combination with another Papuan instrument, the tifa. Tifa is made of carved wood typical of the Asmat tribe.

Fuu as a Hunting Instrument

Music in Papuan culture has a variety of functions and roles ranging from accompaniment to dances, weddings, death ceremonies, and other important guest ceremonies. It turns out that Fuu summons not only residents but also wild animals such as pigs and deer. Papuans use this instrument for hunting animals in the forest.

Papuans also have a hunting strategy using Fuu to get the desired result. So, before entering the forest, one of the residents first climbed a tree to blow the Fuu. Fuu’s voice will lure the animals of the forest. Seeing the animals approaching Fuu’s voice, the residents hunted the animals with weapons such as arrows and spears.

If the hunted animal is caught, the residents blow Fuu again. This signifies that animals such as pigs and deer have been captured. Also, the loud sound of Fuu was a signal for the residents to gather and greet the hunters with glee. Until they can eat the good smell of cooking with the animals they hunted.

Fuu as an Accompaniment to Typical Asmat Dances

Besides being used to call people and wild animals, Fuu can also accompany traditional Papuan dances such as Yospan. Yospan dance is originally entertainment to liven up various events such as traditional events, guest greetings, and cultural events.

Accompanied by Fuu instrument, this dance is interpreted as a social or community-friendly dance, especially for young men and women with joyful movements and expressions.

At the Papuan arts and culture event, Fuu combines flute and tube forms because the shape is stocky and hollow at the end.

How to Make Fuu Musical Instrument

How to Make Fuu Musical Instrument

This Fuu is a traditional Asmat instrument made from black bamboo. The way to make Fuu is as follows:

After getting the bamboo, cut the middle right at the bamboo’s eyes. This bamboo shape between the two ends should be hollow.

Clean the bamboo after cutting it. Then, the bamboo is struck to check whether the sound has good resonance. The thinner the bamboo, the better the sound.

Once you know the sound, you can use a special tool to shave the ends of the bamboo to make it easier to blow. It doesn’t take long to make Fuu. Only about 30 minutes. Adding engraving may require up to an hour of work. This carving is characteristic of the Asmat, namely the inverted three-figure carving, symbolizing the circular flow of the river on the Asmat river coast.

Fuu is usually played together with other typical Papuan instruments, such as tifa and Kelambut, in a harmonious blend that gives its own color to the characteristics of Papuan music.

That’s some information about the Asmat tribe’s typical Fuu musical instrument. The Fuu is one of the traditional instruments that should be preserved. It is one of the cultural treasures owned by the Papuan and has become the local wisdom of the region’s identity.

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