On September 29, 2020, the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo (Jokowi), issued Presidential Instruction (Inpres) No. 9 of 2020 concerning the Acceleration of Welfare Development in Papua and West Papua Province.
The human position has always been a central theme in every development achievement program. Human Resource Development is one indicator of a country’s progress. A country is said to be developed not only calculated from gross domestic income but also includes aspects of life expectancy and the education of its people.
Best Investment in Education Sector
This Inpres Number 9 of 2020 is expressly an order from the President for ministries and institutions (K/L) and local governments to mobilize sectoral programs and funds, including the Special Autonomy Fund, to focus, integrate, and synergize in the implementation of accelerated welfare development programs.
Papua and West Papua need around 30,000 more teachers. Government can educate the Papuan millennial generation by sending them to teaching faculties at leading universities in Papua and outside Papua, or even abroad. The graduates are then placed in local schools with various fields of knowledge.
Of course, this investment in education is one of the breakthrough steps for integrated, focused, and synergized inter-ministerial and institutional cooperation with local governments to create an advanced, prosperous, peaceful, and dignified society within the framework of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI).
Education Scholarships to Encourage West Papua Human Resource Development
The priority for developing the education sector, elementary education in Papua, is to provide quality education for students and increase teachers’ professionalism in teaching.
Many government efforts to develop human resources include providing an affirmation scholarship program for Papuan children to study in other areas, especially in Java. Through the affirmation scholarship, the public can access lectures in anthropology, socio-culture, mining, engineering, religion, and others.
There are quite a variety of affirmation scholarships available, starting from scholarships from the Education Fund Management Institute (LPDP), Bidikmisi, Adem Scholarships (Secondary Education Affirmations), Adik Scholarships (Higher Education Affirmations), and scholarships from NGOs or other NGOs.
The community is expected to maximize the opportunity to obtain the affirmation scholarship. So that later, after graduating from college, they can return to their hometowns to build Papua and West Papua.
LPDP Scholarships to Improve Excellent Human Resources
Through the Education Fund Management Institute (LPDP) scholarship program, the Ministry of Finance is committed to improving the quality of Superior Human Resources in Papua and West Papua. According to data from LPDP, until May 31, 2021, about 447 people had received LPDP RI scholarships.
In terms of school destination, 46.5% are abroad, and 53.5% are domestic destinations. Based on programs, there are 73.8% in the affirmation program, 19.2% in the targeted group program, 6.7% for the general program, and 0.2% for the top-up program.
In addition, the development of education service infrastructure in the two provinces can also encourage the future of the earth of Cendrawasih. In Papua, there are the Institute for Domestic Administration (IPDN) campuses and the State Institute of Islamic Religion (IAIN) in Jayapura and Sorong.
The Government continues to improve the quality of education in Indonesia because education is the key to civilization. Through education reform, the Government is making every effort to achieve equitable and quality education.
Inpres Number 9 of 2020 in the short term can provide leverage to improve the welfare of indigenous Papuans. Whereas in a long time, through strategic approaches such as the fulfillment of professional teachers and also health by Papuan millennial youth, this Presidential Instruction has at least answered the fundamental problems in West Papua.