The Story of “a Dusk” Kaimana Kingdom, West Papua

The Story of a Dusk Kaimana Kingdom, West Papua - Kaimana Kingdom

Kaimana, West Papua New Guinea, has been remembered for its breathtaking sunsets. However, Kaimana has a fascinating history as one of the province’s oldest kingdoms. Explore several aspects of the Kaimana Kingdom, from its inception to the Netherlands’ involvement below.

Senja di Kaimana (Kaimana at Dusk), a popular song from the 1960s, describes the town’s beautiful sunset. People celebrate Senja Kaimana Festival with various performances, from dances to archery and local language speeches.

Kaimana Kingdom History

Kaimana Kingdom History

Kaimana has a fascinating history in addition to its breathtaking beauty. A variety of historical places and civilizations have survived, allowing visitors to see West Papua in the past.

The kingdom has a long history before its current status as the Kingdom of Kaimana, which is fascinating to learn about.

According to ancient history, their ancestors arrived from Pattimunin. Imaga united the areas and tribes through meetings and matrimonies and joined customs before establishing the kingdom traditionally in 1309.

He was consequently given the name Rat Sran Nati Pattimuni I, where “Rat” denotes the monarch and “Sran” denotes the territory he ruled over.

The Sran Kingdom’s capital was initially in Weri, specifically in the Tunas Gain Bay region of Fakfak.

To lead the kingdom, Imaga was backed by his associate “Duduvura” and the prince “Raja Muda.”

Imaga and his brother Imuli founded the Baham Kingdom together. He was Joupiad and Padudade’s ancestor.

The Muslim Kingdom

The Muslim Kingdom - Kaimana Kingdom

The Sran Kingdom had become a Muslim kingdom by the 16th century, as the royal members converted to Islam during their stay on Adi Island.

Samai, the first monarch of Adi Island, was converted to Islam by a Yemeni Sufi by the name of Syarif Muaz al-Qathan long before the Muslim Kingdom arrived in the 1500s.

According to oral history, the king once invited Alhamid of Molucca to the region. Alhamid, who was of Arabian descent, served as an Imam in the area, and his heirs have lived in Kaimana ever since. That’s why the Kaimana is known as an “Arab Dynasty”.

The Story Behind “Kaimana”

The Story Behind Kaimana

The history grew murkier before Rat Sran IV, Nduvin, ascended to the throne in 1808. Nduvin moved the kingdom’s core administration from Borombouw, Adi Island, to E’man, subsequently known as Kaimana.

A beloved kid, Nawaratu or Naro’e, was born due to Nduvin’s marriage to a princess from the Wai of Bonggofut.

By the time Nduvin came to power, Tidore had already established his authority in West Papua. Unfortunately, the Netherlands was acquiring a capital interest in Tidore. The region of the kingdom under Dutch sovereignty underwent some alterations.

Kaimana Papua Indonesia Now

Due to destruction, we can barely see the remains of the Sran Kingdom, such as a fort built by the Netherlands and Kraton, the palace.

Almost nothing was left except the Sran royal family’s burial site and the Great Mosque of Baitul Rahim. In five reconstructions, the great mosque was repaired. As a result, it is hard to keep its uniqueness.

Abdul Hakim Achmad Aituarauw, his third son and the current king of Sran, would succeed Muhammad Achmad Rais Aituarauw as the country’s monarch. This man ran for the House of Representatives (DPR) in 2019 while actively engaged in politics.

These days, the Kaimana Kingdom’s family members attempt to relocate and reclaim the royal family’s remaining heirlooms. The royal heirloom appears to have been passed down through the kingdoms of Eastern Indonesia.

Some of them were found in the South Sulawesi Gowa Sultanate as a result of the finding.

The found heirloom was there because of previous marriages held by the family. Most of it is on display in a museum displaying evidence of the Kaimana Kingdom’s past civilization in Papua Occidental.