Interesting Facts About Different Lani Tribe of West Papua

Lani Tribe of West Papua

Lani Tribe of West PapuaWest Papua Province has 24 ethnic groups with different languages. Each ethnic group can have more than one language.

The Lani Tribe of West Papua speaks the Lani language and is one of the largest tribes.

Get Closer Interesting Facts Lani Tribe of West Papua

The ethnic groups that inhabit West Papua are very diverse.

The ethnic groups are spread across several districts. You should know some interesting things about the Lani tribe of West Papua. Here’s the summary:

1. Meaning of the Lani Tribe

The Lani Tribe, which means you go, is called the Loma tribe. The name Lani is from the story of the West Lani Tribe.

Foreign missionaries in the past also mentioned that this tribe was the West Dani.

Meanwhile, the Loma tribe are people who live in Puncak, Java. The languages they use are Moni and Amung languages.

2. Lani Tribe Region

The Lani Tribe of West Papua is an ethnic group living in the Jawawijaya Mountains. Part of their territory is a wide valley divided by the Ilarong River’s flow.

This area, with an altitude above 1,500 meters, has a temperature of 6-21 degrees Celsius.

The Lani people make fields (keremon) along rivers, hillsides, and even up to the top. You can still see dense forests in the vicinity, but some look bare and overgrown with reeds.

3. The Lineage of the Lani Tribe

The Lani Tribe adheres to lineage based on patrilineal principles. They take into account kinship through the male side.

As for after marriage, the bridal couple stays around the husband’s relatives.

The Lani community recognizes the monetary system, meaning that the entire community is divided into two halves of society.

The two halves of society function to regulate marriage, which requires a person to find a partner from another half of society.

The Lani people need to learn the names of each half of the community.

On the other hand, half of the people of the Dalam ethnic group have names, namely Mom and Magaij. Each half-community consists of several clans, each of which is a descendant of one ancestor.

4. The Livelihood 

The livelihood of the Lani people is farming by planting sweet potatoes. Women work in the fields, and men make fences.

Usually, they grow fruits such as oranges, pineapples, avocados, bananas, and corn. In addition, they are also good at hunting.

5. Religion, Art, and Science 

Most of the Lani are Protestant Christians. The Lani people recognize living tools: the jikin (bow) and the male (arrow).

In art, Lani women usually wear sali or skirts made of bark. Meanwhile, for treatment, they use traditional medicines.

6. Leader of the Lani Tribe

In the social system, the leader of the Lani Tribe is the chief. The election of this tribal chief is hereditary, with the condition that the leader must be brave.

The stone-burning ceremony is usually carried out when the head of the district or regency changes.

7. The Lani Marriage System

The marriage system must use a dowry with a wam (pig) of at least 5. The information is one for going to church and 4 for the woman.

In the Lani Tribe, there are 10-15 wives. The same clan may not marry.

The surnames of the Lani tribe include Wenda, Murip, Kogoya, Wakerkwa, Tabuni, Jikwa, Wanibo, Jigibalom, Enembe, and Yanengga.

8. Lani Tribe Death Speech

In carrying out the death ceremony of the Lani Tribe, belief in ancestral spirits is still strong.  The tradition of the death of the Lani tribe is the process and stages of burning the corpse.

Before the cremation of the corpse, a stone-burning party is held first. The number of pigs killed is a direct measure of how important the people who died are.

Hopefully, the information above about the Lani Tribe of West Papua can add to your insight.

Even though there are various tribes, there’s nothing wrong with learning to know them one by one.