Lukas Rumkorem, the Hero Figure of the Biak Resistance

Lukas Rumkorem

In 1943, Lukas Rumkorem, also known as L. Rumkorem, served as the resistance’s supreme commander against the Japanese occupation of Biak, Papua. Unfortunately, despite his reputation as a proponent of Papuan independence, few people know about this legendary figure.

As a result, the details of Rumkorem’s early life are unknown, including when and where he was born. Still, it is important to draw inspiration from his relentless resistance in driving the Japanese invaders out of Biak, eventually establishing independence in New Guinea.

After all, heroes are those who step up to the plate and vanish without a trace, as a wise man once said.

Life During the Japanese Occupation

The Dutch government in New Guinea faced a shortage of trained individuals in numerous areas of government and development. This occurred while the Japanese were still in control of the majority of Indonesia.

Resident J.P. van Eechoud, also known as “vader der Papoea’s,” established a police school and a civil service school in Jayapura in 1944 to fill that demand. Between 1994 and 1949, these institutions had 400 students enrolled. Most interestingly, these places gave birth to the educated political elite in New Guinea.

In particular, the Resident’s task was to inculcate Papuan identity and cultivate Papuan loyalty to the Dutch administration. Anyone who appears to be pro-Indonesia was, therefore, jailed or imprisoned.

Additionally, the Dutch government did not hesitate to banish them from Irian Jaya to stop pro-Indonesian activities in the region.

Along with Frans Kaisiepo and Silas Papare, Rumkorem was one among those who studied Eechoud and later rose to prominence in political activities. Moreover, van Eechoud outlawed local parties’ operations. He even detained its leaders, including Rumkorem, and banished them to Makassar, Java, and Sumatra.

Rumkorem was one of the supporters of the Indonesian integration of New Guinea with Indonesia. He was exiled because the Dutch government deemed his conduct to be hazardous. However, it is not clear where Rumkorem’s imprisonment was.

Life During the Dutch Colonialism

The Dutch government in New Guinea faced a shortage of trained individuals in numerous areas of government and development. This occurred while the Japanese were still in control of the majority of Indonesia.

Resident J.P. van Eechoud, also known as “vader der Papoea’s,” established a police school and a civil service school in Jayapura in 1944 to fill that demand. Between 1994 and 1949, these institutions had 400 students enrolled. Most interestingly, these places gave birth to the educated political elite in New Guinea.

In particular, the Resident’s task was to inculcate Papuan identity and cultivate Papuan loyalty to the Dutch administration. Anyone who appears to be pro-Indonesia was, therefore, jailed or imprisoned.

Additionally, the Dutch government did not hesitate to banish them from Irian Jaya in order to stop pro-Indonesian activities in the region.

Along with Frans Kaisiepo and Silas Papare, Rumkorem was one among those who studied Eechoud and later rose to prominence in political activities. Moreover, van Eechoud outlawed local parties’ operations. He even detained its leaders, including Rumkorem, and banished them to Makassar, Java, and Sumatra.

Rumkorem was one of the supporters of Indonesian integration of New Guinea with Indonesia. He was exiled because the Dutch government deemed his conduct to be hazardous. However, it is not clear where Rumkorem’s imprisonment was.

The Establishment of the Free Indonesia Party

With Corinus Krey, Rumkorem established the Free Indonesia Party (Indonesian: Partai Indonesia Merdeka, PIM) in Biak in 1948 to eradicate Dutch colonists from the Papuan people’s homeland.

Nonetheless, few specifics concerning this party’s work have been documented, as with many other aspects of Rumkorem’s life.

In appreciation for his services, the Republic of Indonesia awarded Rumkorem an honorary degree and promoted him to the rank of Major Titular Army of Lukas Rumkorem. Meanwhile, Seth Rumkorem, his son, had the chance to enroll in NCO training in Cimahi, Bandung.