Papua Melanesoid is one of the unique races in Indonesia. The Melanesoid race has several unique and different characteristics.
Some features that stand out according dark skin color, thick lips, and curly hair.
Get to Know the Uniqueness and Characteristics of the Papua Melanesoid
Every race has its own identity. Papua Melanesoid is no exception. Apart from its uniqueness and characteristics, you must also know its facts and culture.
Here are some of the uniqueness of the Melanesoid race:
1. Physical Characteristics of the Papua Melanesoid
These physical characteristics certainly cannot be done haphazardly.
According the SPCP IPDN Grid Surgery by the Salemba Psychologist Research and Development Team, the physical characteristics of the Melanesoid race include having dark black skin and curly hair.
Most of the Melanesoid race has a straight posture with a height between 160-170 cm. The shape of the lips and nose can also determine the characteristics of the Melanesoid race.
Melanesoid Papuans mostly have thick lips and also larger and flat noses.
2. History of the Papua Melanesoid
Melanesoid comes from the Greek, namely “mela,” which means black, and “soid,” which means appearance. This race is a group or class of people who look black and are spread across Papua.
The Melanesoid Papuan race is a sub-race of the negroid race. Many people already know about the three famous races, such as the Mongoloid, negroid, and Caucasoid.
The Melanesoid race first came to Indonesian territory in 70,000 BC. Since, the Melanesoids migrated from Asia to Oceania.
It is because there is a decrease in temperature to the coldest point, which causes seawater to freeze.
At present, the largest population of the Melanesoid race is still in Papua, and the rest are in Papua New Guinea.
The distribution area of this race itself includes Papua, Papua New Guinea, Bismarck, Solomon, New Caledonia, and Vanuatu.
3. Existence during the Indonesian Independence Period
At the time of independence, Melanesoid Papuans inhabited the archipelago and created biological and cultural links to this day.
Melanesia can be traced through findings that show similarities in several traditions unique to the archipelago, such as “nginang,” which still survives today.
The nginang tradition is the activity of chewing betel nut, which consists of betel, areca nut, gambier, lime, tobacco, and cloves.
4. Unique Culture of the Papua Melanesoid
A race must have a very thick culture and become the characteristics of the Papua Melanesoid itself. Several cultures might make you quite surprised about this race.
Here are some of them:
1. Emaida Traditional Festival
The first is the existence of a culture called the emaida traditional party, namely the custom of celebrating a party to find a mate.
This party has no rules, but according to which village invites young people for matchmaking.
The livelihoods of the Melanesoid race are mostly gardening, raising livestock, hunting, and gathering forest products.
2. The shape of the house
The house building used by the Papua Melanesoid race is a stilt house. Residents who live in coastal areas or islands have houses on stilts.
Their livelihood is tapping sago and catching fish if they live around the coast.
3. Yuwo Traditional Festival
A unique party characteristic of Papua Melanesoid is the Yuwo Traditional Festival, an event for the rich to show off their wealth. Usually, they will cut the pig or something when the event takes place.
4. Yibu Traditional Festival
There is also the Yibu Traditional Festival, a traditional party in family ties such as birthdays, childbirths, dead people, and marriages.
This Yibu party is usually carried out at your home or a traditional house. It’s up to the executor.
Papua Melanesoid has a unique history, characteristics, culture, and physical identity. The various knowledge above can add to your insight.