West Papua is one of the areas that has become one of the focuses of sustainable development in Indonesia. One of the development programs carried out in coastal communities.
There are several programs that can be implemented to realize sustainable livelihoods in West Papua.
What is Sustainable Livelihoods?
Livelihoods are development efforts that take into account the capabilities, resources or activities needed by the local community.
Meanwhile, sustainable livelihoods are an effort to empower people to be free from various life problems. The aim is to prepare for their welfare in the future.
In many areas, especially rural communities, many are living in poverty.
Marginalized people face more obstacles and challenges. One of the areas experiencing this problem is the coast of West Papua.
Sustainable livelihoods are expected to be a solution that can reduce problems in the coastal areas of West Papua.
This development will not only focus on infrastructure and facilities, but also human resource development.
Promoting Sustainable Livelihoods in West Papua Coastal Communities
Development in West Papua is carried out in various steps. In fact, the regional government of West Papua has made a special 2019 regional regulation
Regarding sustainable development in the area, one of which is the coastal community. Here are some forms of sustainable livelihoods on the coast of West Papua:
1. Empower Indigenous People
Indigenous peoples have a very important meaning for the people of West Papua. One of the sustainable livelihood efforts for coastal communities in the area is by empowering indigenous people.
One of the programs is to make coastal communities become water business actors.
There are various types of businesses that can be run on the coast of West Papua. For example, fisheries, tourism and infrastructure.
2. Maintain Local Wisdom
Sustainable livelihoods are not only related to economic empowerment, but are also closely related to the existing culture.
Therefore, the regional government of West Papua is trying hard to maintain local wisdom.
By prioritizing indigenous people in coastal areas, it indirectly maintains their local wisdom.
Maintaining local wisdom will also promote West Papuan culture to the world. What is more important than that is protecting nature and the coastal environment from damage.
3. Providing Special Assistance
Apart from prioritizing local communities as agents of development, sustainable livelihoods also focus on providing special assistance to coastal communities.
The assistance aims to make it easier for people around the waters to work.
Local government assistance is provided in various forms. For example, capital assistance, knowledge assistance, technology and others.
Various kinds of assistance are given according to the needs of each person in the coastal area. Especially for those who lack knowledge and experience.
4. Ease of Access
Sustainable livelihoods are also provided to the coastal communities of West Papua with capacity building and market access.
Thus, they not only get assistance in improving their standard of living, but also get opportunities to be more successful in their field.
One of the efforts made by the local government is to provide capacity building with the best methods and technology.
In addition, the coastal communities of Papua can also get easier market access. Thus, they can reach a wider market.
Even though the government has established programs that aim to improve sustainable livelihoods in Papua, the government has also set various rules that must follow.
The related rules aim to protect the existing ecosystem, namely waters and coastal areas.
Those are some of the programs plan by the government to create sustainable livelihoods on the coast of West Papua.
The government hopes that later the people living in the area will live better and prosper.