There are at least two causes of endangered wildlife in Indonesia: habitat loss and destruction. Therefore, the Protection of endangered species in West Papua is one of the government’s essential programs.
Violations of the provisions of the Act can be addressed through socialization efforts related to the protection of endangered species in West Papua.
The goal is to sensitize the public in disseminating information about the forms of protection of protected wildlife.
Wildlife are all types of animals with wild characteristics, whether they live freely or are kept by humans.
Natural ecosystems and human life will run well because the presence of wildlife with its functions and roles can affect it.
Each wildlife participates in the food cycle in its habitat (forest). Trees in the woods that can still grow and reproduce make the forest continue to exist.
So, the function of the forest can last well for human survival, including the protection of endangered species in West Papua.
Therefore, wildlife must be able to live comfortably in their natural habitat. As a good society, we must be able to protect nature so that the ecosystem can be balanced.
Wildlife in west papua is protected, both alive and dead, and its parts. However, many poachers own, capture, keep, or trade nature in West Papua.
Wildlife in West Papua
The Conservation Area in West Papua Province covers 1.75 million hectares and is the gateway to Northeast Indonesia.
The biodiversity of Papua-West Papua is the greatest in the world. Many of these should be the focus of the protection of endangered species in West Papua.
This species is a small, slender bird of prey in the family Accipitridae found in Australia, Papua, the Aru Islands, Tasmania, New Guinea, and nearby small islands.
This bird is a small, attractive-looking grey bird of prey with orange stripes on the breast and belly.
When flying in circles, the tip of its tail is notched when not open. When perched, note its tiny beak, blank stare (no thick eyebrows), and skinny legs.
It rarely flies high in circles compared to the brown eagle and tends to stay hidden.
2. Grey Crow
This wildlife in west papua inhabits the forest canopy of lowland forests and the foothills of hills, often near rivers.
Body coloration varies somewhat, but individuals have a long tail, pink hairless facial skin, and blue eyes.
Adults usually have a dark bill and a brown-grey body, darker on the wings with a slight sheen. Juveniles are grey with paler heads and pink beaks. Orru crows and brown-headed crows have shorter tails.
They are slightly similar to Australian caracals, but these species have longer bills and barred tails. The voice is unlike a typical crow, with a high-pitched nasal bark.
3. Cendrawasih Raja
A relatively small bird inhabiting lowland forests and foothills and forest edges. Blue legs and yellow bill.
The male has a white belly, a bright red upper body extending to the upper breast, a metallic green breast band with a thin yellow stripe above it.
Females are brown with a barred lower body. Males are easy to distinguish.
The female is similar to the rhomboid paradise female, but the king’s paradise female has a yellow beak (not blue, as is common). Voice is a series of descending nasal whimpers.
4. Masked Namdur
A very colorful named bird in the foothills and lower montane forests. The male is bright orange and yellow with a black face, edging down to the wings and tail.
Females have a yellow lower body, brown back, and brown scaly breast.
Forages for fruit in the canopy but roosts in the morning. At first glance, it resembles the golden Mino, although the male Namdur masks without the black on the back and belly.
The call is a loud, guttural note that sounds like the snap of an electric shock weapon.
5. Red-cheeked Parrot
Green hooked beak, compact and medium-sized, in the wet forests of Cape York and lowland Papua.
Males have pink faces, purple crowns, rosy cheeks, and pale eyes. Females have brown heads, pale eyes, and blackish bills/
Juveniles are entirely greenish with dark eyes and orange noses that turn grey.
In flight, the lower wings are bright pupal blue, contrasting with the male’s green belly and pink face. Much more significant than the double-eyed parrot.
Handling Animal Crimes
Limited human resources make it challenging to manage conservation areas, which will cause the main tasks and functions not to run well.
It also impacts the slow handling of crimes against rare wildlife in west papua nature and the protection of endangered species in West Papua.
Therefore, violations of the provisions of the Law can be addressed through socialization efforts to sensitize the public in disseminating information.
As well as the importance of being part of efforts to maintain the existence of conservation in a more creative and innovative form.
The Conservation Area in West Papua is not only for conservation areas or communities around forests but also for protected wildlife everywhere,
And wildlife crime does not only come from inside the forest but also from outside the forest.
This continuous awareness-raising effort is expected to be the basis for the formation of new souls who care about themselves, the environment,
And the future of their country and create excellent human resources who can create new jobs as information dissemination agents.
Socialisation and Education
There are many violations of the provisions of the protection of endangered species in West Papua Act.
The main reason is because the perpetrators do not feel that they are violating the rules because of their pet ownership.
Socialization is how to introduce a system to a person and how people determine their responses and reactions.
Socialization is determined by the social, economic, and cultural environment in which the individual lives.
Humans will become more cultured, able to carry out their functions as individuals and as members of groups appropriately.
Socialization serves as a means of recognition, acknowledgment, and adjustment to values, norms, and social structures.
With this, an individual can become a good citizen, where a good citizen is a citizen who fulfills the general expectations of other citizens.
For the social benefit, socialization functions as a means of preserving on social values and standards.
Values and standards are maintained from generation to generation in society so that the individual can play positive role for protection of endangered species in West Papua.