Improving Public Health in West Papua Shows Positive Signals

Get to Know Public Health in West Papua

Efforts to improve the public health of Indonesia, especially in the regions, continue to this day. One of the government’s main focuses is to improve public health in West Papua to catch up with several regions in Indonesia.

Various efforts and achievements have given hope that the health of the people in West Papua Province is more secure. Find complete information in this article!

The Government Forms Programs that Focus on the Health Sector

Program to Improve the Quality of Public Health in West Papua

As a form of commitment to improving the health of the people of West Papua, the Indonesian government has issued several strategic policies.

Some of these policies are:

1. Government Instructions

The two instructions and decisions that came out were:

  • Presidential Instruction Number 9 of 2020 concerning Accelerating Welfare Development in Papua and West Papua Provinces. [1] 
  • Presidential Decree Number 20 of 2020 concerning the Integrated Coordinating Team for the Acceleration of Welfare Development in Papua and West Papua Provinces [2] 

Several programs focusing on the health sector that has begun to be intensified are the Healthy Papua program. The program focuses on:

  • Ease of access to health in eight districts, namely Sorong, Teluk Bintuni, Teluk Wondama, Manokwari, Maybrat, Arfak Mountains, Tambrauw, and South Sorong
  • Development of Regional Public Hospitals (RSUD) in seven West Papua customary territories
  • Papua health institute development
  • Strengthening Health Center Plus
  • Livable homes for the community
  • Handling abandoned children
  • Treatment of stunting

To realize these various programs, of course, government institutions must focus on being more emphasis placed on strategic execution. Strategy without execution is nothing more than a plan on paper; it has no power to bring about change.

2. West Papua Health Service Program

The West Papua Provincial Health Office has designed a Strategic Plan for 2017-2022. The focus is to develop various efforts to improve the health of local communities. [3] 

Some of the focuses targeted by the Health Service  of West Papua now are:

  • Essential health services, such as at the Integrated Service Post (Posyandu) and Puskemas (Community Health Center)
  • Prevention and eradication of infectious diseases
  • Community nutrition improvement
  • Policy in budgeting funds
  • Health information systems and health resources
  • Medicines and health supplies
  • Policy and management
  • Health promotion and community empowerment
  • Healthy environment

The strategic plan is starting to show positive results. Positive results were seen in the 2018 West Papua Health Service Government Agency Performance Accountability Report. Where the realization of the budget and programs is around 87% of the budget.[4] 

100% of the budget can’t be achieved due to the inadequate quantity of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) to carry out the planned programs. In addition, there is no Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) regarding the mechanism for disbursing funds.

Based on this 2018 report, the details of the improvements are as follows:

  • Increased efficiency and effectiveness of APBD managers (90%)
  • Increased availability of apparatus supporting facilities and infrastructure (80%)
  • Increasing the discipline and capacity of apparatus resources (60%)
  • Improved reporting system (90%)
  • Improving Public Health Quality (90%)
  • Increasing access and availability of quality and equitable health facilities and infrastructure (80%)

National Health Insurance (JKN) for Papuan People

Public Health in West Papua is Very Important

In addition to the various programs from the Health Service, West Papua Province has also made active efforts to provide health insurance for the community.

Through the JKN Program, West Papua has achieved a Universal Health Coverage (UHC) of 99.07%. This means that as many as 1,150,186 residents have participated in this program. This achievement exceeds the initial target of around 98% in 2024. [5] 

This target was achieved because the local government has consistently succeeded in the program since 2018.

For the local government’s efforts, the Government of West Papua received a UHC Award from the Social Security Agency on Health (BPJS Kesehatan) in December 2022.

With efforts to improve public health in West Papua, we certainly hope that the people of Papua will become healthier and more prosperous.