Ways to Develop Sustainable Transport Options in West Papua

Get to Know Sustainable Transport in West Papua

It is already common knowledge that the transport infrastructure development in West Papua was not as advanced as in Java. This is why the local government has been working extra hard to develop sustainable transport in the past nine to ten years, especially under the lead of Jokowi. 

The infrastructure development in West Papua covers all three aspects of transportation that are land transport, sea transport, and air transport. So, the local government started constructing the Trans Papua highway road, the ports in the coastal areas, and the airports in the mountain areas of Papua. 

Here are the explanations regarding the three of them! 

Construction of The Trans Papua Highway

Development of Construction Sustainable Transport

When talking about the things that must be improved in West Papua, then one of them is transportation sustainability. If this goes well, the other infrastructure developments will go even smoother. In fact, it is not only urban areas that will develop but also rural areas. 

The main problem why there are many underdeveloped areas is because of the limitation of transport infrastructure in West Papua.

The reason is that there is no proper road to support the connectivity between areas in Papua. Especially the roads that connect one province to another one. Due to difficult land access, this brings up the mobility limitation of West Papuan. [1] 

That is why Jokowi started the Trans Papua project to address this issue. This road is the first national road that exists in the land of Papua. It goes through all five provinces from the west end to the east end. 

The length of the Trans Papua road is around 4.300 km. Starting from Sorong City, Manokwari, Enarotali, Nabire, Wamena, to Merauke. [2] There are still 183 km more to finish. But, even though the construction is not finished yet, the existence of this road already makes the Papuan can mobile more easily. 

Construction and Restoration of Ports in The Coastal Areas

Renovation of Ports for Sustainable Transport

Aside from land access, as an archipelagic country, the access to sea transportation is also important. However, up until years ago, there were no sustainable sea transports in West Papua. It is kind of ironic when the Fakfak Regency has a deep history regarding sea transport in the past. 

Sea transportation still plays an important role in mobilizing goods and people. Because of that, the government is starting to construct many new ports in the coastal area. 

They began to arrange the routes and set all the shipping schedules, especially in the port of Fakfak. Three ships for transport will stop there, that are KM Tatamailau, KM Ciremai, and KM Nggapulu. [3]

Aside from being a means of transportation, people use sea transport to bring in goods from outside the island. That way, the Papuan can meet all their needs more easily. They also can get all the goods at a more reasonable price. [4] It will be fairer if the prices are the same as in Java. 

Construction and Restoration of Airports in The Mountain Areas

The Importance of Sustainable Transport

Then, the sustainable air transports in West Papua obviously were no less important. This is because the topography of the land of Papua is very diverse. Some areas even can only be reached by air. So, it is important to construct and restore more airports in West Papua because of that. [5]

Mostly, the mountain areas in West Papua are the ones that need air transportation the most. Not only to travel outside Papua but also to go to other cities or districts on Papua Island. They also use planes to send and receive goods from outside the area. 

So, that was the progress of developing sustainable transport options in West Papua. On land, the government constructed the road of Trans Papua. Then, they construct and restore the ports for people on the coast. Also, they construct and restore the airports for people in the mountains.