Papua is the easternmost island in Indonesia. So far, Papua is known as one of the underdeveloped regions in this country. Then, do you know what are the main sources of the Papuan province’s economy?
To answer this question, please refer to the discussion below!
Fisheries & Bodies
Papua is an area that has abundant natural resource potential and environmental services. To improve the welfare of the community in a planned and structured manner, the Papuan regional government conducts intensive development of marine potential. The main source of livelihood for the people of Papua especially in Jayapura is farmers.
However, aquatic natural resources have considerable potential to be developed. Some people work in the fishing sector as a side job to supplement their family’s income. As a result, it is not unexpected that the residents of Sentani and adjoining regions make their living primarily as farmers and hunters (hunting), with a side employment as fisherman.
Papua has fishery potential, especially inland fisheries. Unfortunately, this potential of fisheries is still not managed optimally due to some reasons. The types of land fisheries that stand out in Papua are carp, tilapia (especially red tilapia). The area of Papua’s freshwater aquaculture is currently 106.83 ha with a total of 162 management groups and 2,164 members.
Papua Province is one of Indonesia’s richest provinces with an area of more than 3 times the size of Java Island with abundant and unexplored natural resources such as forest products, plantations, agriculture, fisheries and mining. This happens because there are no facilities that connect the production center areas for that. The Department of Public Works is trying to build good road infrastructure. The construction of Jayapura-Wamena which is a provincial road is a big investment activity for the Papua Provincial Government and Jayapura Regency with the objectives:
- As a means for the integration of regional potential development and changes in community structure.
- Establish a national, provincial, district and city road network system for the production and distribution system.
- Forming direct benefits to the community in social activities, the flow of goods and services.
Food Crops & Horticulture
Papua Province has the potential land area for agricultural development, especially the crop and food sector. Since 2010 Papua Province has owned 14,269,376 Ha of land used to produce these commodities
Currently, the prominent agricultural commodities in Papua are potatoes, soybeans, green beans, peanuts, cabbage, carrots, Chinese cabbage and green onions.
Food crop commodities include potato, corn, taro, cassava, sweet potato and upland rice, with a harvested area of 10,653, 52 Ha, with a total production of 72,655.88 tons/year Meanwhile, legumes include red beans, peanuts and soybeans with a harvested area of 137.17 ha with a total production of 120.46 tons.
Vegetable commodities include spinach, chilies, beans, carrots, leeks, shallots, and so on with a harvested area of 503.78 ha with a total production of 120.46 tons. Then, fruit commodities include sweet oranges, pineapples, bananas, jackfruit, guava, avocado and papaya with a harvested area of 54.58 ha, with a total production of 504.85 tons.
Mining and quarrying sector
Until now, the mining and quarrying sector is still the largest supporter of the Papuan economy, reaching 37.8% of the total GRDP. The mining sector is also the biggest source of economic growth for the easternmost province of Indonesia, reaching 12.95%. It is also predicted that in the next few years this sector will still be the main key to the economy in Papua
Those are some of the economic resources in Papua that you need to know. Hopefully the information in this article is useful for you