Climate change is no longer a problem for big countries. Papua is among the provinces in Indonesia affected by climate change. Environmental activists often campaigned for the impact of climate change on indigenous communities.
Exploring Climate Change
One of the global environmental problems is the increasing rate of global warming that causes climate change. Global warming occurs as a result of long-term accumulation of human activities.
These activities cause a high concentration of greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere at a very high rate.
Climate change on west papua is a condition characterized by changes in world climate patterns that can result in weather phenomena that cannot be determined.
Changes influence this condition in climate components, namely temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind, and clouds. Human activities can increase the greenhouse effect.
The trend of climate change on west papua is due to human activities such as urbanization, deforestation, and industrialization.
These human activities inject several gaseous pollutants and small particles into the atmosphere.
Gaseous pollutants can affect the climate through the greenhouse effect. As aerosols, they alter the radiation balance through scattering, reflection and absorption, and cloud formation.
Impact of Human Activities on Climate
Population increase, urban development, industrial growth, traffic density, deforestation, etc., have attracted much attention in climate change issues.
The interaction between urbanization, urban development, industry, traffic, forestry, agriculture, and climate has recently been widely discussed nationally, regionally, and internationally.
Urban development causes the upper atmospheric layer to become polluted by dust particles or smoke from motor vehicles and domestic combustion.
These particles will increase in concentration during the dry season and decrease during the rainy season.
Human activities can inadvertently change the weather.
Building materials in urban areas, such as bricks, concrete, and asphalt, can absorb and store the sun’s heat during the day, then provide heat to the neighborhood atmosphere after sunset.
In addition, heating, air-conditioning, and power generation devices can emit heat.
The rapid runoff of rainwater in the city essentially reduces seepage and tendon into the soil and reduces evaporation from the soil surface.
Climate Change and Nature in Papua
Papuans are a community that relies heavily on natural resources. So, climate change on west papua provide the impact of climate change on indigenous communities.
Climate change on west papua affects food production.
Therefore, applying climatology to agriculture is essential, considering that each type of plant at various stages of growth requires different climatic conditions.
One of the humanitarian tasks of climatologists is to assist in applying climatology to every food production effort. A lot of climatological knowledge can be used in agricultural practice.
We need not assume that applying climatology is only weather and climate forecasting.
Still, we must start thinking about the impact of climate change on indigenous communities in the agricultural sector.
The cooperation of climatologists and agricultural experts will be able to come up with new ideas that are very beneficial for increasing national production and the nation’s welfare.
Some facts show that crop failures are caused by ignoring climatic conditions.
The future of tropical forests and the global climate are closely linked. Addressing deforestation is part of finding solutions to the impact of climate change on indigenous communities.
Forests are the only safe, natural, and currently available system for capturing and storing carbon on a large scale. Trees absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere through the natural process of photosynthesis.
Any excess carbon dioxide will contribute to climate change. Tropical forests contain approximately 470 billion tonnes of carbon,
More than half of the world’s land carbon and nearly twice the amount accumulated in the atmosphere since the industrial revolution began.
Conversely, when forests are burned, cut down, or destroyed, the carbon they store is released back into the atmosphere, leading to climate change.
Deforestation also reduces the capacity of forests to reabsorb carbon from the atmosphere.
Peat swamp forest is a tropical forest covering the Amazon and Congo Basin, as well as Southeast Asia.
These forests have a distinct layer of organic matter, which is only partially decompose due to a lack of oxygen.
The loss, drainage, and degradation of tropical peat swamp forests due to land conversion results in carbon release that impacts climate change mitigation.
So far, only 15 percent of the world’s peatlands have been draine. Dry peat swamp forests are highly flammable and extremely difficult to extinguish.
Peat swamp forest fires cause carbon dioxide and methane emissions, producing widespread haze and toxic substances.
Climate Change Impacts on Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples are among the first to face the direct consequences of climate change due to their dependence on, and close relationship with, the environment and its resources.
Climate change exacerbates difficulties already faced by indigenous peoples, including political and economic marginalization,
Loss of land and resources, human rights violations, discrimination, and unemployment.
Climate change raises the impact of climate change on indigenous communities worldwide, even though indigenous peoples contribute the least to greenhouse emissions.
Indigenous peoples are vital and active in many of the ecosystems that inhabit their lands and territories and can therefore help increase the resilience of these ecosystems.
Moreover, indigenous peoples interpret and react to the impacts of climate change in creative ways,
Utilizing traditional knowledge and other technologies to find solutions that can help society at large cope with the coming changes.
Weaknesses and Difficulties of Responding to Climate Change
The impact of climate change on indigenous communities is a human rights issue.
Moreover, when these issues are combine with various legal barriers, which affects their ability to cope with and adapt to climate change.
It is also important to note that enhancing and supporting the adaptive capacity of indigenous peoples will only be successful when combined with other strategies
Such as disaster prevention, land use planning, environmental conservation, and national plans for sustainable development.
In many cases, adaptation to new conditions requires additional financial resources and technological capacity that most indigenous peoples do not have.
Indigenous peoples who choose to migrate away often face double discrimination as migrants and indigenous peoples.
Indigenous peoples may be more vulnerable to irregular migration, such as human trafficking and smuggling.
The impact of climate change on indigenous communities has further limited legal migration options and limited opportunities to make choices.