The Impacts of Climate Change on West Papua Fisheries & Marine

West Papua

The fishing industry is an essential component related to global climate change. West Papua mangrove conservation will help solve two critical world problems: climate change and fisheries.

The Impact of Climate Change on Fishery Ecosystems in West Papua

The impact of climate change due to increasing air temperature on Earth is undoubtedly quite worrying for human life, including fishery ecosystems.

Following are some of the implications of climate change on fisheries and marine ecosystems in West Papua:

1. Fisherman’s Catches Become Fewer

The catch of fishermen is very dependent on the weather. Fishermen will get little results when the weather is not good.

This climate issue is very influential, especially in Indonesia. Limited to rising sea levels and temperatures, La Nina, changes in wind pressure, changes in ocean currents, and so on.

One prominent example is a change in current that affects the overall trajectory of the fish.

It will challenge fishermen who are used to fishing in certain areas. However, it turns out that the fish population in the area concerned is no longer there.

For this reason, fishermen also have to move along the new fishing route, but traditional fishermen need a slight adjustment.

So, fishermen must be willing to adapt to any technology that can make knowing the actual ocean situation easier.

2. Experiencing Overfishing

Conservation International, engaged in conserving West Papua, stated that small efforts to preserve West Papua’s mangroves could help overcome these two major world problems.

The quality of the marine ecosystem has decreased. Once rich in fish, some areas of Indonesia are experiencing overfishing due to ecosystem damage and massive exploitation.

The results of the CI study revealed that mangroves in one of the most exotic islands in the archipelago store carbon in large quantities, greater than tropical rain forests.

West Papua’s mangrove ecosystem is essential to support the sustainability of other marine animals and fishery commodities, like mangrove crabs.

If pulled into the food chain, the West Papua mangrove ecosystem will also determine the sustainability of fish species, which are the main commodity, such as tuna.

Protecting West Papua mangroves can also help maintain fish stocks for the world’s protein needs.

3. Declining Fisheries

Only a little research has been done on the impact of fisheries on global climate change,

Even though the possibility of declining fisheries conditions could have occurred due to the migration of fish species targets for climate change.

Indonesia’s marine biodiversity is under threat from global climate change due to Indonesia’s position in the tropics.

If that happens, Indonesia will lose its status as a maritime country with marine mega-biodiversity.

Climate change will significantly affect the physiology and behavior of individuals, populations, and communities.

Extreme conditions with rising water temperatures, low dissolved oxygen concentrations, and water pH can result in the death of fish.

4. Impact on the Economic Crisis

As a maritime country where the sea dominates two-thirds of its territory, fisheries are an essential matter that significantly influences other sectors in Indonesia, especially the economy.

The fisheries sector is one of the things that is very vulnerable to crisis.

This phenomenon’s impact has been clearly proven, such as extreme weather, rising sea surface temperatures, drastic changes in underwater currents that affect fish distribution, and much more.

However, it is the same as the impact of climate change, which creates conditions of natural inequality between one region and another. The same thing happened in the fisheries sector.

In conclusion, there is an impact of global warming and climate change on fisheries.

Thus, anticipation is needed to adapt to changing weather and climate conditions which can sometimes occur in extreme ways, including in West Papua.