West Papua is an area that is quite prone to disasters. Several disasters such as floods and landslides often hit several areas in the region.
Therefore, efforts to reduce the potential for disasters in West Papua are important so as not to cause many victims and losses.
Reasons for the Importance of Reducing Disaster Potential in West Papua
West Papua has many profitable potentials for the local community. However, the potential for natural disasters in the area can also occur at any time.
The following is the importance of anticipating disaster risks in the area:
1. There are Many Mountains and Waters in West Papua
One of the reasons for the importance of disaster risk reduction in West Papua is because this area has many mountains and oceans.
These two areas are very prone to disasters such as tsunamis, earthquakes, landslides and floods.
Areas prone to flooding are Sorong and Manokwari. The area is currently filled with buildings that reduce water infiltration.
Therefore, the Regional Disaster Management Agency in West Papua prepares a special team for evacuation when natural disasters occur at any time.
2. Has a Large Degraded Forest Area
Disasters that occur are caused by various factors, one of which is human negligence.
One of the disasters in West Papua was caused by forest destruction due to human hands. Meanwhile, the percentage of forest in this area is the highest in Indonesia.
However, various human activities have proven to damage forests in the West Papua region.
Activities such as illegal gold mining, illegal tree logging to plantations cause various disasters such as landslides. That’s why disaster prevention is important.
3. Earthquakes and Tsunamis Can Take Many Lives
The next risk of natural disasters in the Papua region is an earthquake.
However, earthquakes and tsunamis are types of disasters that humans can barely avoid. Therefore, humans can only make disaster mitigation.
West Papua has a very large sea area. In addition, not a few people who live in coastal areas.
Therefore, the local government needs to provide broader information to the surrounding community regarding this potential disaster. They also need adequate disaster mitigation training.
4. Maximizing Handling of Disaster Victims
Another effort that can be prepared to reduce the potential for disaster is to prepare a team that is competent in disaster management.
The handling of the disaster that occurred greatly affected the victims. The faster the team evacuates, the more victims can be save.
Therefore, disaster management capacity must not only be own by the government but also the community itself.
What’s more, the West Papua region also consists of indigenous peoples who strongly adhere to culture.
5. Building Natural Buffer Systems
Because West Papua is a disaster-prone area, the regional government is committed to exploiting this potential by building a natural buffer system.
These natural buffers will not only protect humans but also the environment, animals and plants.
If carried out optimally, these efforts can reduce the potential for disasters, especially those caused by climate change.
The natural buffer systems in question are coral reefs, mangroves, wetlands, forest replanting to coastal vegetation.
6. Reducing Economic Losses
Another reason for the importance of preventing potential disasters in Papua is reducing potential losses.
Generally, natural disasters cause a person to suffer losses. Some of the losses referred to are death, loss of property, and damage to rice fields; plants and forests.
The potential for disasters in West Papua can be avoide in various ways.
However, to this day these efforts are still not maximize. Therefore, the government needs to be more optimal in carrying out disaster guidance and prevention.