The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Environmental Management

the role of indigenous knowledge in environmental management

The role of indigenous knowledge in environmental management in Indonesia is still very important and has a large role.

Local wisdom can also be understand as local knowledge that is pass down from generation to generation and agree to be carry out together.

This of course continues to run in various regions in Indonesia.

The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Environmental Management

Local wisdom relies on ethics and values in social life which are consider as cultural products of the past, but many are still hold

As a reference for managing natural resources and the environment. The following is an example of local wisdom and its function for the environment!

1. Subak, Bali

The Balinese use an antiquated irrigation method known as Subak to water their rice fields. One of the keys of rice production in steep highland environments,

Such as mountain slopes, is the subak terrace formation in paddy fields.

Each paddy field in the Subak system receives irrigation from water that naturally includes a variety of nutrients that plants require to develop.

Water moves rhythmically through bamboo arms as it moves from one paddy field to the next.

Subak also refers to the establishment of farmer associations that decide how irrigation water is use for planting rice,

Aprocess that is democratic and hierarchical depending on the tasks assigned to each owner of a rice field.

2. Panglima Laot Traditional Instituion in Simeulue, Aceh

The Panglima Laot customary institution was find with the intention of protecting the community’s interests in sea-base revenue generation

And advancing those of environmental preservation in marine and coastal areas.

The traditional institution of Panglima Laot significantly increases community awareness, particularly in regards to issues affecting coastal villages and fishermen.

Thus, a sustainable environment can continue to be carried out.

3. Natural Sacred Site

Natural Sacred Sites can help to preserve the environment since they are a place where the use of resources is constrained by local laws and isolate from normal life.

Because of its size restrictions, the Natural Sacred Site has a unique ecosystem that thrives despite its surrounding environment’s degradation.

This kind of site may take the shape of customary woodland or a usual area. In Indonesia, areas like the Baduy Dalam region and Tana Toa,

Where the Kajang Ammatoa tribe resides, are still examples of this customary system.

4. Sasi System in Hararuku Island, Central Maluku

This concept forbids the harvesting of specific natural resources in order to preserve their number, quality, and variety of both plants and animals.

For the ocean, woods, rivers, communities, and other resources, this system incorporates Sasi.

The Sasi system is a tool to control the equitable distribution of gains or outcomes from natural resources.

The Haruku people as a whole came up with the Sasi system, which is governed by adat institutions.

The role of indigenous knowledge in environmental management in Indonesia is crucial.

With this, local wisdom is use as a guide to meet the needs of residents from nature in a good and non-destructive way.

In addition, this program also helps manage and protect the environment so that it remains sustainable.