The Strategy for Managing Ocean Biodiversity in The West Papua

The Strategy for Managing Ocean Biodiversity in The West Papua

West Papua region has a vast ocean area. It gives the biodiversity that exists in the water area. One of the spots with the most abundant potential for diversity is Papua’s bird’s head seascape. Several charismatic and endemic species live in the region. Thus, there is a need for a strategy to manage ocean biodiversity in advance. Here is the info

Biodiversity Potential in the Ocean Area

Bird’s head seascape of Papua (BHS) has a lot of potential for biodiversity, especially in its ocean area. Several rare species live in the waters of Papua. You can find sea kingfish, sharks, leatherback turtles, dugongs, manta rays, whales, and dolphins. This water area is overgrowing and provides a source of income for the community around its coast.

BHS is located on the northern coast of the Bird’s Head Span area of ​​Papua. The surrounding waters have an incredible potential diversity of social and cultural systems. In this case, people live in a close relationship with conservation and nature preservation in the form of local wisdom or prohibitions. Even this step provides benefits to the management of marine resources.

Another potential in the West Papua Sea is as a good tourist destination. The people of the city of Sorong make the water area a tourist destination for tourists. Some water attractions include Makbon Village beach, Um Beach, waterfall tours in Asbaken Village, and fishing tours in Makbon District. In addition, there is a mangrove tracking tour in the Baingkete Village area.

Lastly, the BHS area has the potential for biodiversity to generate an economy. In other words, the rich marine waters are a source of livelihood for the surrounding community. They use it to capture fisheries and tourism. Some of the potentials for biodiversity in this area are mangroves, seagrasses, coral reefs, dugong, and turtle habitats.

Biodiversity Management Strategy at BHS

Biodiversity management must harmonize the protection and preservation of biota with their habitat. This must be following the fulfillment of the needs of the people living in the coastal areas. That’s why protection, conservation, and sustainable use are the main focus for managing biodiversity. Here are some practical efforts to West Papua Ocean’s biodiversity.

1. Strategy for the protection of the marine coastal area ecosystem

The primary ecosystem has a vital role in ensuring the sustainability of fisheries resources in Papua. Mangroves, seagrasses, and coral reefs are suitable habitats for spawning or laying eggs of various types of fish with high economic value. In addition, the leading ecosystem is also a breeding ground and nurturing place for fish. Thus, there is a need for maximum protection and preservation.

One effective way is to rehabilitate coral reef and mangrove ecosystems. Then, this is supported by community-based coastal ecosystem rehabilitation training. In addition, information dissemination on the critical role of mangrove, seagrass, and coral reef ecosystems is a significant effort. It is applied to various walks of life, from children to the elderly.

2. Protection of Marine Biota and Their Habitat

The BHS area is one of the best habitats for charismatic biota such as dugongs and turtles. Unlike other places in Indonesia, visitors can easily find turtles and dugongs in West Papua. Preserving this biota is the primary goal of conservation measures. For this reason, practical conservation protection efforts are needed, such as mapping the location of dugong and turtle habitats.

Then, the creature’s habitat location must be given special protection. After that, continue to put up information boards about protecting turtle and dugong habitats. Not only that, but the strategy for compiling a Code of Conduct is an important aspect. It will be the rule when humans interact with dugongs and turtles in their habitat.

3. Economic Fish Utilization Strategy

There is a lot of potential for fish with economic value in the BHS Papua area. You will find types of fish such as sea cucumber, lobster, skipjack, mackerel, mackerel, grouper, redfish, and snapper. The potential of demersal and pelagic fisheries must go through good management for the community’s welfare. For this reason, there are several effective ways to manage it.

One way is to prepare a business plan for the fisheries business. Next is to analyze the potential for fish production with limits on the number of catches allowed, landing locations, first handling, packaging, distribution, and marketing. In addition, it is necessary to prepare facilities and infrastructure to support fisheries activities properly.

4. Development of Conservation-Based Ecotourism

Besides sustainable management, there are important ways to manage water resources in West Papua. A practical method that can be applied by utilizing the most potential conservation areas is the development of ecotourism. Based on conservation, the bird’s head area has tourism potential to become a destination for travelers from anywhere.

Overall, there are many effective strategies in preserving biodiversity in Papua’s seas. The government and the private sector provide a lot of outreaches to the community to get the best results in conservation. For this reason, the primary strategy, sustainable use, protection of natural habitats, and ecotourism conservation are essential steps.