Things You Need To Know About West Papua Indonesia – The People

Things You Need To Know About West Papua Indonesia - The People

There is information that not many people know about West Papua. The southern part of Indonesia is not a place to fear. The West Papua province is a location that bursting with culture. If you want to learn about the place, let’s talk about the people. One of the things you need to know about west Papua Indonesia.

The Population

As one of the southern part of Indonesia, West Papua suffer the slowly growing human development. It even said that the west Papua is the second least populous province located in Indonesia. However, it does not mean the location is completely barren. The 2020 census record a tally of 1,134,068 population.

The number of populations has grown by around +30% from the late 2015 census that records about 868,819 people. It is a great number that shows the slowly growing population and human development in the area. However, the most fascinating point of West Papua is the diverse population. With that number 50% of the population are of indigenous Melanesian origin.

Indigenous Groups

1. 312 Indigenous Tribes

One of the things you need to know about west Papua Indonesia is the most diverse indigenous tribes. Due to the most remote area and being far from modern civilization, the number of tribes reaches about 312 in total. It also includes some of the uncontacted tribes in the area. All speaking their language, different cultures, and traditional subsistence lifestyle.

From the cultural characteristic and livelihood, the native Papuan are divided into two major groups. It is the lowland and the highlands. The categories also explain the life practices which differ based on the location. The highland is used for sweet potato cultivation and pig farming. While the lowland people live in the coastal regions with hunting and gathering practice.

2. 50% of migrants

While west Papua is known for its culture and tribes, but almost 50% of its population are migrants. It makes the number area has a diverse group and religion. The things you need to know about west Papua Indonesia is the reason for the percentage. It said that the huge transmigration program by the Indonesian government brought people from many locations.

3. Varied Religions

Things You Need To Know About West Papua Indonesia - The People

The number of migrants not only balances the population but also takes religions to West Papua. The native people are mostly Protestant Christians, meanwhile, the migrant is generally Muslim. However, the practice is very vast and spreading. Thus, adding some small portion for roman catholic, Hindu, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

4. 250 Indigenous Language

Another point of the things you need to know about west Papua Indonesia is the language. Indonesian is the official language. But there is also native Papuan slanguage which is similar to Ambonese or Manado Malay. The amazing number comes from 250+ domestic linguistic groups spread in west Papua.

West Papua might not be in the best condition and development yet. However, the province is one of the most diverse areas of Indonesia. The people are indigenous people, tribes, and migrants. It makes west Papua a rich area filled with many possibilities. It is also great prove that Indonesian culture and traditions are varying from Sabang to Merauke.