While for West Papuan people, coffee was not a ritual part of their daily life, today, not only is the coffee plantation growing, but its consumption is expanding.
Overview of Pabar Coffee Commodity and Industry
The main coffee plantations in Papua Barat (Pabar), which are Baliem Valley, Wamena, and Kamu Valley, Nabire, are located in the area of 1400 – 2000 altitude.
That condition meets the required condition to grow the arabica coffee. Hence, no wonder the most known type of coffee from West Papua is the arabica.
The way the coffee farmers on the island grow and nurture the coffee plants are away from chemical usage.
They implement an organic way to grow coffee trees. This realm affects the coffee taste from West Papua.
In addition to the two most prominent coffee producers mentioned above, other regions of West Papua also produce quite remarkable coffee simultaneously.
The Uniqueness of Coffee from West Papua
There are several remarkable coffee variants from the bird’s head island and each of them is bold with its very own flavor.
But, since their arabica coffee grows in mountainous areas, which offer ideal natural factors, they have some notable characteristics.
Coffee lovers may find their Papua coffee has a distinctive floral, chocolate, and fruity fragrance with low acidity.
That combination is what makes the flavor of arabica coffee from here unique compared to other Indonesian or global arabica coffees.
Coffee experts predict that the organic way of growing coffee, without using pesticides, affects the outcome of the coffee, specifically the floral and nutty aroma it produces.
3 Most Desirable Types of Coffees from Pabar
West Papua coffee beans offer unique coffee tastes you can enjoy. Each of them has the best of their plantation land across the island.
1. Wamena Coffee
The most-known type of Papua coffee is no other than Wamena Coffee which is also called Baliem Blue Coffee.
Coffee lovers around the world often compare this coffee with the Jamaican Blue Mountain, as praise of the flavorsome taste it produces.
Low in acidity, sourness, and caffeine, Wamena coffee is striking with its medium sweetness and intense floral and chocolate fragrance. The whole taste still is smooth.
2. Oksibil Coffee
After the Wamena coffees, it turns out that arabica coffee from the Bintang Mountain area is also the sought-after Papua coffee.
There are three main producing districts of this type of coffee. They are the Okbab, Okbibab, and Kiwirok districts in the Bintang Mountains Regency.
Compared to Wamena coffee, this type offers the fruity fragrance of orange, apricot or peach, and berry.
3. Moanemani Coffee
The Mee tribe of West Papua grows the arabica coffee plant organically with a conventional approach in their land of Mapia District, Dogiyai, West Papua Yet, both the output and the outcome are striving.
Moanemani coffee gives another coffee flavor experience with its nutty-savory and thick caramel flavor along with the spice and chocolate flavor.
This coffee is popular, particularly among coffee consumers in Europe and the United States.
Formation of AEIKI: Support for West Papua Coffee Export
The three types of Papua coffee mentioned above became sought-after and favorites overseas.
In addition to those three, some parts of the island produce the robusta type. For example, the Agimuga District, Lake Anggi in Arfak Mountain, and Kemtuk Lembah Grime.
The fact that arabica coffee gained massive attention overseas shows good potential. For the coffee industry from this far west island of Indonesia.
Hence, the Indonesian government fostered a community called Komunitas Papua Muda Inspiratif (Inspiring Young Papua)
And launched the Millennial Farmers Program in collaboration with the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture. To facilitate the progress of agriculture industries, including coffee.
Furthermore, AEKI, as an independent association, has already established a branch in West Papua. To support the future development of their Papua coffee industry.