The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in West Papua Fisheries Management

West Papua

Community involvement is essential in sustainable fisheries management. Local wisdom West Papua, insight into the environment,

And social closeness between communities are the advantages of community-based fisheries management, including in West Papua.

Fisheries Management Efforts Based on Local Wisdom in West Papua

Water management in Indonesia and other developing countries experiences problems and is closely related to meeting the local community’s needs.

One of the efforts to manage fisheries is finding and re-functioning the local community’s customs in managing resources.

Management efforts based on local wisdom apply from managing water resources, forests, fish, inland waters, and sea coasts.

The following are the effort of indigenous knowledge-based fisheries management in West Papua:

1. Protecting Natural Resources with the Sasi System

Sasi is a model of the utilization of natural resources by traditional or customary communities based on specific resources or areas and belief systems.

This sasi management model is very effective in maintaining the sustainability of natural resources.

In managing regional marine conservation areas in Raja Ampat, the sasi system has also been adopted and passed down from generation to generation.

The sasi activity is to protect the existing natural resources so that they are sustainable.

Sea sasi is usually for fishery resources with significant economic value or local consumption targets.

The target of sasi is marine biota scattered in coastal waters and generally located in seagrass ecosystems, so they are easy to control.

2. Obey the Sasi Rules

There must be write and standard rules for implementing Sasi in West Papua. However, the community already knows and understands the customary laws when opening sasi or closing sasi.

At the time of closing the sasi, people are only allow to pass through the area but are not allowed to take Lola, sea cucumbers, lobsters, and fish in the area.

The mechanism for closing and opening sasi is almost identical in all villages. If there are people who violate it will be subject to sanctions.

Decision-making that contravenes the rules are traditional leaders, religious leaders, and the government.

Punishments can be physical activity, fines, or removing fishing gear.

For physical activity, for example, the offending party has to lift stones for the mosque or walk squatting around the village.

3. Conduct Monitoring and Evaluation

Monitoring and evaluation of sasi by the West Papua community through assistance from the NGO TNC.

Through the involvement of a monitoring group that toured the island with notes. They are also to monitor if someone violates the area’s existing conservation area.

If people violate it, they must notify the three stoves (village head, traditional leader, and religious leaders) or can immediately expel the perpetrators who commit violations.

4. Develop Fisheries Management Program

One of the obstacles to the authority to manage the sea, which is grant by the province, is the limited funds.

One of the efforts to attract funds from the center to the regions is to compile a fisheries management program into the Regional Medium-Term Management Plan.

In community-based fisheries management, it is necessary to strengthen through information intake from other parties, including non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the government.

Implementing this strengthening can be in the form of formalizing customary rules into village regulations (Perdes),

Expanding the scope of laws protecting critical ecosystems (mangrove and coral reefs), and implementing access fees that can be roll back.

The management of the regional waters conservation area can run well because it adopts the sasi system.

Sasi is a local wisdom pass down from generation. To generation by the community, one of which is in West Papua.

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