The potential of land resources in West Papua is enormous for agricultural development activities. Agricultural competitiveness is the key to accelerating agricultural development.
Regions with good agricultural competitiveness will be able to develop every aspect of farming to optimize land resources.
Opportunities and Challenges for Land Reform in West Papua
Efforts to develop agriculture through regulation and control of the factors of production need to be done.
Following are some of the opportunities and challenges of land reform in West Papua:
1. Have Competitiveness to be Upgraded
The competitiveness of a region is the ability of a region to produce and manage up to market a variety of agricultural products,
Whether raw, semi-finished, or ready for consumption, following the resources they have and the existing production capacity in the area.
This competitiveness will show the level of readiness and independence of a region to stand on its own feet in agriculture.
Various stakeholder policies are needed to increase the influence of several factors that leverage agricultural development. It is to increase the competitiveness of agriculture in West Papua.
Cooperation and coordination between stakeholders in carrying out policies is the primary key to the success of increasing agricultural competitiveness.
2. Not Skilled in Intensive Farming
Most local farmers’ human resources in West Papua still need to be skilled for intensive farming systems. Intensive farming for local people is a culture.
Most agricultural land is acidic. Not only occurs in a dry land, but some paddy fields also react sourly.
Even though various challenges and disturbances continue to confront, the government’s enthusiasm has never died down in efforts to improve prosperity and peace in the land of West Papua.
Currently, the government continues to push for development in the land of Papua, both human development and infrastructure there.
3. Not Understanding Ethnicity
So far, agricultural development in rural areas has tended to be deep economic and project perspectives versus sociological perspectives.
Agricultural and rural development prioritizes introducing technological innovations and tends to be uniform throughout Indonesia.
This approach suits rural communities with essential knowledge and skills in advanced agricultural cultivation techniques with a commercial business style.
Meanwhile, rural communities in other parts of Indonesia use traditional cultivation techniques. Even rural people tend to mix, just like the ethnic Papuan farming community.
Papuan people must implement agricultural and rural development from a sociological perspective and have yet to require an economic perspective.
From this point of view, it is necessary to understand agricultural and rural development from a sociological perspective in the province of West Papua.
4. Job Shifting by Young Generation
The availability of tillage machines is closely related to the availability of labor, where from year to year, the number of workers in agriculture tends to decrease.
This decline is because the younger generation is more interested in switching to jobs in industry and services that are more profitable and process uncomplicated work.
The presence of tillage machines can overcome this problem. The area of paddy fields can be cultivate more efficiently in terms of time and cost with the tillage machine.
To increase agricultural machinery utilization, it is also necessary to guarantee the certainty of spare parts and fuel in the field.
So, Each of these factors has its complexity of problems. Cooperation and coordination between stakeholders in each policy is the primary key to increasing agricultural competitiveness in West Papua.