Papua has the largest protected forest area in Indonesia, covering an area of 7.8 hectares in 2019. Papua is also the largest forest contributor area in the world with an area of 319 thousand kilometers. West Papua rainforest is a protector for Indonesia as the largest oxygen supplier.
The Function of West Papua Rainforest
Rainforest in West Papua plays an important role in maintaining oxygen supply.
In addition, this forest is also used as the original habitat of several flora and fauna to the people who inhabit the interior of the forest. No wonder his existence is very important to everyone. Here are the complete explanations!
The main function of the rainforest is as a supplier of the most oxygen to suit the needs of the wider community. Because they supply 20% of the world’s oxygen, rainforests are referred to as the planet’s lungs.
20% of the global carbon dioxide emissions caused by humans, including those from transportation and fossil fuel power generation, are also absorbed by rainforests and soils.
If its presence is increasingly eroded, it is likely that the oxygen supply will also be depleted, endangering everyone.
Several tribes live in the rainforest region of West Papua. Tribes living in tropical rainforests evolved a manner of life that let them exploit the jungle without destroying it.
The tropical rainforest is essential to the existence of the local population. Additionally, forest goods provide for their way of life.
However, due to migration, extensive logging, plantations, oil extraction, and the construction of hydroelectric power stations, the native rainforest tribes were wiped out.
Tribal people are frequently forced from their traditional grounds by the entrance of settlers and industrialization.
Sources of Medical Ingredients
The next function of rainforest is to become sources of medical ingredients In modern medicine, plants from the rainforest are frequently used.
According to a quotation from The Young People’s Trust for the Environment, about 25% of the substance is thought to be made from plants that grow in rainforests.
Inflammation, rheumatism, diabetes, muscle tension, post-operative complications, malaria, heart disease, skin illnesses, arthritis, glaucoma, and many more ailments are treated with medications derived from rainforest plants.
The banana, the most popular fruit in the entire globe, is a product of the jungle. According to estimates, plants found in rainforests provide 80% of the world’s food.
According to the Rainforest Alliance website, tropical rainforests still include a variety of food sources.
In addition, there still many types of food that can obtained from the forest, such as cassava, fruits, and many others.
If there is deforestation, it is very likely that the rain forest will lose its ability to produce a lot of food for the people around the area.
Rainforests contain about half of the world’s plant and animal species. This means that there are a third of the world’s bird species and 90% of invertebrates in the rainforest.
Besides that, maintaining the existence of the rain forest will make all the ecosystems in it well preserved.
Especially in West Papua, there are a lot of flora and fauna. Whose existence is almost extinct. in fact, every flora and fauna in it helps balance the ecosystem to avoid damage.
If one of them went extinct, the food chain would be in big trouble. The existence of the West Papua rainforest must maintained properly.
So that there is no environmental destruction that can cause danger to the surrounding community. And the indigenous tribes who inhabit the rainforest area.