Papuan coffee may not be as famous as Toraja or Aceh Gayo, which have been in Indonesia’s top export commodities for a while. However, the popularity of West Papua coffee keeps going up year by year, proving its success by increasing market demand, either from within or outside the country.
Also confirmed by Mr Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan as the Coordinating Minister for Indonesian Maritime Affairs and Investment, even a global coffee shop chain like Starbucks has signed an agreement to buy Papuan coffee.
Referring to that fact, it means that coffee commodities from West Papua have high-grade quality and taste that is not inferior to other well-known coffees outside. Therefore, we have summarized some of the reasons why Papuan coffee should attract more coffee connoisseurs and shine out its excellence.
A Perfect Land for Growing High-quality Coffee
Indeed, West Papua’s coffee deserves the attention of every coffee connoisseur. That’s because the coffee trees in Papua grow indeed in a place where they should be. High-grade coffee beans must be planted in chilly, mountainous areas and Papua confidently meets this geographic criterion.
Also, planting coffee in mountainous areas can effectively prevent it from harmful pollution, which can reduce the coffee beans quality as well as change its taste. For this reason, the central government of Indonesia and West Papua’s authority continue to promote the empowerment of local coffee farmers, supporting them to cultivate their land optimally and precisely.
Since 2016, the West Papua Plantation Service has also been promoting coffee nurseries. The program result was outstanding so that the West Papua Plantation Service provides a larger number of coffee seeds for local farmers and carry out more massive planting as well.
The Unique Taste of Arfak Coffee That Attracts Coffee Enthusiasts
As the name implies, this Papuan coffee is native to the Arfak Mountains and was formerly a legacy of Dutch colonialism. The coffee plant itself is easy to spot around the Catubouw, Didohu, and Hink districts in West Papua. Because it is grown in favorable environmental conditions—in mountainous areas with cold weather, the taste of Arfak coffee is tastier and fresher.
For instance, this type of coffee has a pretty intense aroma. Meanwhile, its aftertaste is slightly sour but leaves a sensation that can stick firmly on the tongue for a longer time.
West Papua’s Native Coffee Has Successfully Penetrated the European Market
Since several years ago, Pegunungan Arfak Regency has been chosen to become a coffee-producing center in West Papua Province. With its natural conditions that qualify as a great coffee plantation, Pegunungan Arfak Regency has indeed succeeded in producing coffee beans with a unique flavor.
Arfak coffee has even made it to the European market, especially the Netherlands and Germany. However, coffee production in the Arfak Mountains is still on a small-scale scheme in the meantime. Therefore, the availability of this coffee is quite limited, so that makes it highly sought after now.
Government Has Included Coffee in The Green Economy Program
Why should Papua be more enthusiastic about attracting the attention of coffee lovers? That is because coffee expansion in West Papua has been included in the green economy program. In other words, the development of Papuan coffee plantations will prioritize strong economic growth, environmental-friendly actions, and social welfare.
As for that reason, the coffee plantation in the Arfak Mountains can only be developed in certain areas. It is because most of the forest areas in Arfak are part of the Arfak Mountains Nature Reserve’s conservation map. That also means that the Arfak’s coffee plantation development will not be provided on a large area of lands.
What’s more, the green economy program of Papuan coffee development contributes assistance to enter the business market. The implementation of this economy program also aims to ensure that indigenous Papuans are involved in the development of Arfak coffee plantations. That way, there will be many indigenous Papuan youths can work more independently and receive an appropriate income in the future.
Coffee Is One of Indonesia’s Leading Export Commodities
Insisting on increasing the provincial income? To do so, West Papua Province must be able to attract coffee connoisseurs to buy their local coffee products. The main reason is that coffee is one of the largest export commodities from Indonesia. Also, coffee itself is one of the best-selling commodities in the global market.
Still, Indonesia’s coffee supply has not been able to meet the global demand reached 10 million tons per year. According to data published by the Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia’s coffee production from 2017-2018 has touched around 635 tons per year. Half of that amount is traded internationally, while the domestic market absorbs the rest.
As we look at the data above, it means that the coffee industry is still open as well as the opportunity to dominate the niche market. With the great quality of original coffee in Papua, there is no reason not to make more coffee connoisseurs love coffee from this region. So, do want to try drinking a cup of Papuan coffee rich in taste?